problems are theory based. The internal structure of the energy sources
are simply not “captured”. Taking into account the finite,
real-physical oriented, phenomenological nature of objects, the "infinities"
The self-evident fact that the distance on a spherical surface does not correspond to the "straight" distance between points A and B requires no abstraction.
This leads to the
The main object of the
body theory is
the elementary body a pulsating hollow sphere. At
maximum expansion the hollow spherical shell-mass is at rest.
equations of motion - based on a sine
function - describe the complete transformation of this shell-mass into
motion energy without rest mass (photon).
Overall the deduced dual system created by the elementary body consists on average of no energy, no mass and no space.
Negative energy values e.g. of the Dirac equation are natural results of the elementary body dynamics.
A consideration of the elementary
body provides an accurate theoretical value
for the proton radius. Elementary body theory based the proton radius is
[ http://www.psi.ch/media/proton-size-puzzle-reinforced ]
[ http://www.psi.ch/media/weiter-raetsel-um-das-proton ]
of electric charge
Electric charge is a secondary term/concept of standard phycics that suggests a "phenomenological entity" that is uncoupled from the mass (and the radius) of the charge carrier.
on elementary-body theory all charge interactions are clearly
traceable to mass-radius couplings. Conveniently, electrical
charges in the elementary-body model occur only as an implicit function
of the Sommerfeld fine-structure constant α as a
(formal) result of the mass-radius coupling.
"Keys" for understanding the formation of matter are the phenomenologically founded charge possibilities. First, the energetically (strong) elementary body charge q0 (which energetically equals m0) and the elementary electric charge e.
f7 was "introduced" to show that the [elementary body] charge q0 is ("only") a scaled mass-radius function.
Unfortunately there is no English translation for the "Elementarkörpertheorie" yet available. "Feel free" to use a common webbrowser translation tool. You'll discover useful information, insights and surprising equations to deduce and calculate physical values based on mass-radius-relations such as... Sommerfeld Fine-structure constant, neutron mass, mass(es) of charged pions, mass and radius of the universe, Planck units, cosmic microwave background temperature, ...
[ Email-contact: Dirk Freyling: email@example.com ]