Contrary to the statement of standard physics, which postulates four fundamental forces, elementary (scale-corresponding) mass-space coupling - reduces any interaction to the mass-to-radius ratio. This leads to constructive, “easy to understand” objects, which can be expressed either by the radii or their reciprocally proportional masses.

Remember: Divergence problems are theory based. The internal structure of the energy sources are simply not “captured”. Taking into account the finite, real-physical oriented, phenomenological nature of objects, the "infinities" resolve plausibly.

The self-evident fact that the distance on a spherical surface does not correspond to the "straight" distance between points A and B requires no abstraction.

This leads to the Compton wavelength as a mass equivalent. From this consideration follow "geometrically" mass-specific radii. Compton wavelengths are measurands. [ CODATAC(Proton)  CODATAC(Elektron) ]




The main object of the elementary body theory is the elementary body a pulsating hollow sphere. At maximum expansion the hollow spherical shell-mass is at rest.

The equations of motion - based on a sine function - describe the complete transformation of this shell-mass into motion energy without rest mass (photon).  

Overall the deduced dual system created by the elementary body consists on average of no energy, no mass and no space.

Negative energy values e.g. of the Dirac equation are natural results of the elementary body dynamics.



A consideration of the elementary body provides an accurate theoretical value for the proton radius. Elementary body theory based the proton radius is the Compton wavelength λC of the proton divided by π / 2. This result is in excellent accordance with the measured value of the proton radius (investigation muonic hydrogen, July 2010 and 2012/2013 at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland.



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Concept of electric charge

Electric charge is a secondary term/concept of standard phycics that suggests a "phenomenological entity" that is uncoupled from the mass (and the radius) of the charge carrier.

Based on elementary-body theory all charge interactions are clearly traceable to mass-radius couplings. Conveniently, electrical charges in the elementary-body model occur only as an implicit function of the Sommerfeld fine-structure constant α as a (formal) result of the mass-radius coupling.

"Keys" for understanding the formation of matter are the phenomenologically founded charge possibilities. First, the energetically (strong) elementary body charge q0 (which energetically equals m0) and the elementary electric charge e.


f7 was "introduced" to show that the [elementary body] charge q0 is ("only") a scaled mass-radius function.



Unfortunately there is no English translation for the "Elementarkörpertheorie" yet available. "Feel free" to use a common webbrowser translation tool. You'll discover useful information, insights and surprising equations to deduce and calculate physical values based on mass-radius-relations such as... Sommerfeld Fine-structure constant, neutron mass, mass(es) of charged pions, mass and radius of the universe, Planck units, cosmic microwave background temperature, ...  



[ Email-contact: Dirk Freyling: ]